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Report
28 January 2021

Assessing the effects of the implementation of the WHO “Treat All” guidelines on treatment outcomes, service quality, and cost in Namibia

In collaboration with the Government of Namibia, USAID/Namibia, IntraHealth International, and other partners, Project SOAR implemented a study with the following objectives: (1) examine the effects of Treat All and antiretroviral therapy (ART) services decentralization on ART initiation, retention, and adherence among patients; (2) document contextual and operational factors that may influence or have influenced viral load testing and outcomes; (3) estimate ART-related costs and incremental cost-effectiveness of Treat All; (4) describe changes in perceptions of HIV service quality from the perspectives of both clients and providers; and (5) describe tuberculosis screening practices of providers. This technical report provides evidence on how the national rollout of the Treat All guidelines and decentralization of ART services affected client-level treatment outcomes, quality of ART services, and treatment costs in Namibia.

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