Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission

Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission encompasses various strategies for reducing risk of HIV transmission from mother to infant during pregnancy, labor, delivery, or breastfeeding. Antiretroviral treatment can reduce the risk of vertical transmission to less than 5 percent, but many pregnant HIV-positive women are not retained in care throughout the prenatal period and beyond. SOAR is testing programmatic approaches to improve maternal and fetal outcomes and minimize attrition of HIV-positive mothers and their babies throughout the prenatal and postnatal periods.